What Is Scientific Management

Different schools of believed defined management differently due to 3 motives: 1. Distinction in perspectives of management and organisation theories, 2. shifts in emphasis in the study of the organisation from economic and technical aspects to conceptual and human aspects, and 3. concentrate on internal and external environments of the organisation. Introduction of new techniques: Management facilitates the introduction of new machines and new approaches in the conduct of business activities. Management is all pervasive: Management is comprehensive and covers all departments, activities and employees. Here, management is explained with reference to its standard functions which contain preparing, organising, coordinating and controlling. Management is like government, which functions but is not visible in physical kind.

Every business unit wants efficient, stable and cooperative employees for the management of business activities. The components in the management procedure are in fact the standard functions of management these functions constitute the management method in practice.