Almost from the moment he left AIG, Greenberg was sounding the alarm bells about the business and its management. Management is all pervasive: Management is extensive and covers all departments, activities and personnel. He rightly suggested that management is not a mechanical procedure but a study of people involved in the production activities. Management is important for the conduct of business activity in an orderly manner.
Similarly, management is described as a approach which involves a variety of components. Close co-operation of managers and workers (labour management relations) for much better results and understandings. Mayo created his Human Relations Theory of Management on his Hawthorne experiments. Possibility of unemployment: Workers and their unions also feel that scientific management will lead to unemployment and that workers will be removed due to the use of labour-saving devices.
In this way, the systems management college helps in attaining the established goals of the organisation. His ideas and principles had been refined and popularized by many of his followers, notable amongst them getting Henry Gantt, The Gilberths and Emerson. The management has to create a correct science in all fields of function activity by way of scientific investigation and experiments.
Scientific management not only developed a rational method to solving organisational problems but also contributed a excellent deal to the professionalisation of management. A manager can conduct different activities in an orderly manner with the aid of the systems established.
Exploitation of workers: Workers argue that they will be exploited below scientific management as they will have to share more burden of function with no corresponding increase in the wage rate. Optimum utilisation of sources: Management facilitates optimum utilisation of obtainable human and physical sources, which leads to progress and prosperity of a business enterprise. For open systems the boundaries are penetrable whereas for closed systems, they are not.